Spay and Neutering your Pet
We all know that neutering your pet will prevent unwanted litters. What you may not know is that neutering your pet may save them from undesirable traits and cancer. The broad term “neutering” refers to surgically sterilizing an animal. Sterilization of a female cat is more commonly referred to as “spayed”.
To make this procedure safer, a pre-anaesthetic blood test is required to ensure the patient can tolerate the anesthetic. The spay procedure involves abdominal surgery removing the ovaries and uterus from your pet. After surgery some animals tend to be a bit sluggish for a few days but complete recovery is usually seen within a short period of time. Female cats are best spayed at the age of six months and it is a myth that females should experience one heat cycle or have one litter before the procedure.
Besides preventing unwanted pregnancy, spaying your female prior to her first heat will significantly reduce the incidence of mammary tumors which are highly malignant.
Male cats are castrated, or more commonly referred to as neutered. This procedure involves a general anaesthetic and the surgical excision of the testicles. Recovery from a neuter tends to be quite rapid, often being back to their old selves as early as the next day. Male cats are best neutered at the age of six months.
Certainly, the most common reason for neutering your pet is to prevent overpopulation. Perhaps you never thought beyond that. Neutering is also an extremely valuable tool to keep your pet healthy and happy. Intact males may develop undesirable behaviour due to high hormone levels. Excessive urinating or marking of urine also known as spraying can be a messy problem. Intact males often show aggression especially towards other males.
In addition to behaviour problems, many physical ailments may plague an intact male. Painful prostate problems can occur as well as an increased risk of cancerous tumours can develop.
All animals to be neutered are admitted into the hospital the morning of surgery for a complete pre-surgical physical examination. The surgery is then performed that day and the animals are able to be discharged the following afternoon. By spaying or neutering your pet, you will have a happier, healthier animal. This in turn will make your life with that special pet even more enjoyable!